According to the American Association of Sleep Medicine (AASM), insomnia is defined as "persistent difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep." People with insomnia can feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school.
Many people experience insomnia to some degree, however, if it does not last longer than 3 months, this is called short-term insomnia. Short-term insomnia can occur when there is an identifiable cause such as a stressful life event. It is recommended that those with short-term insomnia try to work on their sleep hygiene during this time.
If these sleep disturbances occur at least three times a week and persist for more than three months this would be considered chronic insomnia. In these cases, it is important to speak with your physician especially if find yourself having any daytime dysfunction.
Insomnia can only be diagnosed by a physician and is based on self-reported information. A sleep study is not typically required to diagnose insomnia however, the physician may request a sleep study if they think there may be an underlying sleep disorder, such as sleep apnea.
With the use of our in-depth questionnaire, Cerebra Sleep Study will be able to determine whether you are experiencing symptoms of insomnia. Our insomnia report will provide insight on your questionnaire answers along with different sleep metrics that can relate to symptoms of insomnia such as sleep onset, total sleep time and wake time. Our solution guide can provide you with options that can help with insomnia without the use of medication. One of the solution offerings we currently use is RestEd, an online CBT-I (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia) program that addresses your behaviors related to poor sleep and helps you replace them with good habits. CBT-I is considered the first line of treatment when it comes to insomnia.
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2014) International Classification of Sleep Disorders - Third Edition (ICSD-3). Darien, Illinois: American Academy of Sleep Medicine.